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Scope and Sequence

YEAR1:
SOCIAL STUDIES
History:  The focus is on God's hand in American history.  Students learn history, culture, terms, and concepts for the  following time periods:
1492-1789:  Columbus, Jamestown, first slaves, Pilgrims, Puritans, First Great Awakening, French and Indians Wars, Revolutionary War
1787-1837:  Second Great Awakening, Lewis  and Clark, War of 1812, Missouri Compromise, Monroe Doctrine, overseas slave trade abolished, Alamo, Trail of Tears
1837-1860:  Samuel Morse-telegraph, Great Migration, Manifest Destiny, Mexican War, California Gold  Rush, Third Great Awakening, Pony Express
Students also study the Presidents who served from 1787-1860.
Geography:  Students study the states and world geography as it relates to the United States.

READING
Students read biographies, an allegory, historical novels, poems, a tall tale, short stories, and fables.  They learn about point of view, narration, sequence, simile, metaphor, personification, syllogism,  prefixes/suffixes, answer critical thinking questions, and practice following directions.  Students also learn about books awards (Newbery, Laura Ingalls Wilder).
Vocabulary:  Students complete crossword  puzzles, matching exercises, fill-in-the blank activities, play vocabulary baseball, and play vocabulary bingo.

LANGUAGE ARTS
Grammar:  Students learn and review:  the nine parts of speech,  three parts of a sentence, contractions, comparative adjectives, possessives, what makes a complete sentence, punctuation and capitalization principles.  They take dictations, distinguish between different types of sentences,  and vary sentence structure in their writing.
Writing:  Writing is related to grammar; students learn how to write descriptively by using notable nouns, vivid verbs, and adjectives and adverbs that add.  They are introduced to editing principles.
Students write:  reports, a note of appreciation, an essay, an apprentice description, poetry (couplet, haiku, lanterna, and follow patterns), stories, a proverb, an autobiographical sketch, a "first" experience, a book report, a newspaper article, a hook, write/perform a play, a letter, and they practice writing persuasively.
Speech:   Students prepare a testimony and give an oral report.
Spelling:  Students study words relating to their reading, history, and writing

SCIENCE
Students learn terms, concepts, perform  experiments, and complete activities relating to the following topics:
Oceans (10 weeks):  coral reefs, depth, pressure, tides, salinity, ocean currents, waves, frozen oceans, icebergs, ocean floor, sea vents, ocean life, products from the ocean and usefulness of the ocean, exploration.  Students create an ocean diorama
Electricity (2 weeks):  atoms, static electricity, current electricity, conductors and  insulators.
Plants and animals (8 weeks):  Students create an outline and a field book.  They study:  1) plants -- seed plants, trees and shrubs, ferns, algae, moss, 2) animals -- invertebrates,  vertebrates.
Space (4 weeks):  Hubble space telescope, universe, stars, sun, planets
Earth and earth science (6 weeks):  minerals, gold, creation, inside the earth, sedimentary rocks, igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, changes in the earth (weathering, erosion, mass movement), caves, stalagmites, stalactites

HEALTH
Hazards of smoking, emotional health, health benefits of music, communication skills, the importance of fresh air, electricity safety, nutrition, development of advancements in health through history, the benefits of physical exercise, negative effects of drugs, and the importance of sleep are studied.

MUSIC
Students study and sing four patriotic songs and other songs from American history.  They learn about the development of music throughout history and the importance of music in the lives of people.   Students learn about European influences in America.  They also study categories of instruments, make a panpipe, create a fiddle, construct a banjo, and learn about the Liberty Bell.

ART/CRAFTS
Students create:  two stained glass projects, a picture of an ocean scene, a dried leaf picture, snowshoes, a woven basket, a pine tree shilling, a repousse cup, several printing projects, a Pennsylvania Dutch trunk, a cross-stitch pattern, a parfleche, a silhouette, a sand painting, an outdoor painting, a design on a pie plate, a textured picture, a woven bag, a potato woodcut, a scrimshaw etching, a quilt or a whittled item, a gold vase, a paint spattering, a picture with depth, a stepping stone, sock puppets.
Art History:  Students study the following artists:  John Singleton Copley, Thomas Cole (Hudson River School), George Catlin, and Albrecht Durer.

BIBLE/LIFE APPLICATION
Students memorize Bible verses, create a Bible Memory Book, and make a spiritual time line.  The focus is on II Chronicles 7:14.  Biblical principles from the history and reading books are studied:  choosing Christian companions, loving God with all your heart, discipleship, making godly choices, conscience, humility, prayer, armor of God, proverbs, promises, thankfulness, courage.  The faith of historical people is also studied.

YEAR 2:
SOCIAL STUDIES:
History: The focus is on God's hand in American history.  Students learn history, culture, terms, and concepts for the following time periods; they also complete hands-on activities, create a God Uses People Chart and make a Major Movements of Immigrants to the U.S. Chart.
1860-1900:  orphan trains, Civil War, Reconstruction, D.L. Moody, amendments, Great Chicago Fire, cowboys, immigration, Salvation Army, Pledge of Allegiance
1900-1940:  black Americans, Azusa Street  Revival, World War I, women's suffrage, Billy Sunday, Roaring Twenties, Great Depression
1940-2001:  World War II, Billy Graham, Civil Rights Movement, Jesus People Movement, Watergate, Bicentennial, September 11
Students also study the Presidents who served from 1861-2001.
Geography:  Students study the states and world geography as it relates to the United States; they work on Civil War maps.

READING:
Students read biographies, historical novels, and poems.  They learn about point of view, narration, sequence, simile, syllogism, theme, cliffhangers, role playing, parts of a book, 5 parts of a story, allusion, story diagraming, classification, forming a conclusion, alliteration, reading rates, onomatopoeia, comparison/contrasting, characterization. 
Students answer critical thinking questions and follow directions.
Vocabulary:  Students complete crossword puzzles, matching exercises, and fill-in-the-blank activities.  They play vocabulary stickball, bingo, and dominoes.  Students create a vocabulary card box, and study homonyms, compound words, synonyms, and context.

LANGUAGE ARTS:
Grammar:  Students learn and review:  the nine parts of speech, eight parts of a sentence, and punctuation/capitalization principles.  They learn about infinitives, gerunds, parenthetic expressions, and the correct use of commonly misused words.  Students take dictations, distinguish between different types of sentences, vary sentence structure in their writing, and create a Capitalization Style Sheet.
Writing/Study Skills:  Writing is related to grammar; students practice writing descriptively by using notable nouns, vivid verbs, and adjectives and adverbs that add, and use an Editing Checklist.  Students learn about and practice paragraph writing, sequence, details, five reasons for writing, and combining sentences.  They learn study skills (encyclopedia, dictionary, library); graphs/charts are used  throughout the studies. 
Students write:  reports, a thank you note, essays, poetry, stories, a help wanted ad, directions, a riddle, a postcard, summaries, a cause/effect scene, an encyclopedia entry, a diary entry, a newspaper column, hooks, letters, and a research report.
Speech:  Students debate, work on telephone skills, conduct interviews, and memorize parts of two speeches from history.
Spelling:   Students study ten basic spelling rules.  They also learn the importance of syllables in spelling.

SCIENCE:
Students learn terms, concepts, perform experiments, and complete activities relating to the  following topics:
agriculture, agricultural revolution, first aid principles and prevention, industrial revolution, inventions and discoveries, peanuts, George Washington Carver, flight, Wright Brothers, automobiles, Henry Ford,  earthquakes, airships, simple machines, weather, clouds,
matter, atoms, nuclear fission, nuclear power, nuclear fusion, space race, and technology.

HEALTH/SAFETY:
Students learn about and review nutrition, vitamins, tooth care, the importance of physical activity, and how stress affects mental health.  They also learn about the following diseases:  tuberculosis, yellow fever, polio, and rabies.  Safety topics:  fireworks and bicycle.

MUSIC:
Students study and sing patriotic songs and other songs from American history.  They learn about the development of music throughout history, types of music, and the  importance of music in the lives of people.  Students learn about European influences in America. 
They learn about famous musicians and composers:  Stephen Foster, Julia Ward Howe, John Newton, Anton Dvorak, George M. Cohan, Fanny Crosby, Marian Anderson, Rodgers and Hammerstein, and Mahalia Jackson.

ART/CRAFTS:
Students create:  an original envelope, a rag rug, a daguerreotype, a leather project, a  checkerboard, tangrams, a Norwegian box, an impressionistic piece, a commemorative stamp, a painting, works using color crayons in a variety of ways, a clay pot, a mobile, a flag, a collage, and an Action Painting.
Art History:  Students study the following artists:  Currier and Ives, J.A.M. Whistler, Mary Cassatt, Georgia O'Keeffe, Grandma Moses, Norman Rockwell, Frank Lloyd Wright, Joni Eareckson Tada, Jackson Pollock, and Thomas Kinkade.

BIBLE/LIFE APPLICATION:
Students memorize portions of the Bible and create a Bible Memory Book; II Chronicles 7:14 is reviewed, and the idea that God wants to use the students as  history-makers is introduced and developed.
Students read through and study the New Testament, and biblical principles from the related books are presented.
The faith of historical people is also studied.

 

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